Hard-stone carving existed in India and some Islamic countries. Looking at the pictures of the Taj Mahal, I think to myself it must be a fabulous skill to be able to carve marble. The craftsmen must had extreme talent to be able decorate something so beautifully.
Besides architectural features and the elaborate decoration of the Taj Mahal, there are many additional features, which make the atmosphere look so pleasant and pretty. The facades are not exactly at a right angle with the plinth, but are slightly angled.
As the world famous Taj Mahal is made purely of Marble, it is natural that the markets must be flooded with the replicas of the Taj in marble, little stone elephants, and lovely marble coasters.
Symmetry and geometric planning played a crucial role in Taj Mahal construction. Bilateral symmetry (reflection symmetry) brings the idea of integration and pairing and in such a way reflects the spiritual notion of the world harmony. Moreover, Shal Mahal was using a hierarchical ordering in building this architectural phenomenon. He resorted to hierarchical use of red stones and white marble that received a symbolic ground. The case was that the Mughals believed that using those colors for building would mean the two main classes of Indian social structure and that it would make them the rulers. Additionally, Taj Mahal is full of naturalist ornaments that were created in order to give a hint that the building is nothing else but the paradise.
All in all, Taj Mahal remains to be the most beautiful place ever built. Its fully-fledged construction makes people breath heavily when they take a look at it. Its history makes people believe in truly love, while they will always remember that the queen Mumtaz was an inspiration for such an exclusive beauty. Some of those who had a chance to visit Taj Mahal say that it is an elegy in marble, others keep telling that it is a genuine symbol of everlasting love.
To make the Taj Mahal the people had to buy a lot of resources. White marble was brought from Makrana, black marble from Surat, Sandstone from Siki and semi- precious stones from Tibet, Russia and Peru. Some of these stones include opal, corneliabs, lapis, turquoise, chrysolite, sapphires and bloodstones.
The style of the Taj Mahal was Indian Islamic architecture. The facades are in great surface details. On the wall there are decoration. Calligraphy, paintings and delicate had engraves.
"The Taj, as an experience, is simply an extraordinary building," says art historian Milo Beach. "The proportion of the Taj, the workmanship of the Taj, the effect of the Taj in the landscape of the garden,
the effect of light playing over the surface of white marble... From every angle, the Taj is a building of extraordinary physical balance. Whether you know anything about India or about Indian architecture at all, it's a beautifully crafted building."
The Taj Mahal is a square building topped by five rounded marble domes. At each corner stands a slender tower, or minaret. Behind the Taj Mahal the river Jamuna runs behind it.
Something fascinating that I did not notice till I was researching was that the Taj Mahal is symmetrical. I think that looked very affective. I like the way the architect used different lines and shapes. I especially liked the arch. Having all these lines gives the building some character and a mood.
Today, Sahah Jahan and his queen, Mumtaz Mahal are both entombed in the “dream in marble.” Many people say that the best time to see the Taj Mahal is in the light of the full moon, when the white walls gleam like pearls.
The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1631 and was completed twenty-two years about that. Twenty thousand people were employed to work on it. The material was brought in from all over India and central Asia and it took a fleet of 1000 elephants to transport it to the site. The cost of making this was 40,000,000 rupee.
Stately in size, pleasing in proportion, rich yet restrained in decoration, the Taj Mahal is said to be the most perfect building in the world. "The Taj is the synthesis of many religions, many architectural forms, many artistic traditions," says art historian Shobita Punja. "That's why it's so perfect. It's a symbol of perfect love and of great beauty."
With my family, I reached Agra by train. After some rest, we undertook a visit to Agra. Agra is a historical city. There are many beautiful and worth seeing historical places in India. But the Taj Mahal of Agra is the most beautiful of all.
Taj Mahal is unique for various reasons. One of them is that it was constructed in such a way that it looks equal from any direction. The cupola of the building makes it look majestic, especially when one sees it from the inside where it is seemed more impressive. Furthermore, Taj Mahal is not considered a single place. However, it is a complex of palaces bounded one to another. The main area in Taj Mahal is called cenotaphs, the place where Shal Mahal and his wife were sleeping. Nevertheless, their graves are located not in their room, but in the lower level. Another peculiarity of Taj Mahal is that it changes its color during the day. A lot of visitors are willing to observe how the marble changes shade, depending on the amount of sunlight and moonlight.