Despite offering huge benefits, cell phones have become a grave concern and a major cause of road accidents. Drivers using cell phones are not able to give their complete attention on roads exposing not only themselves but also other people on the road. Therefore, most of the governments, including Austria, Australia, Switzerland, Greece, Germany, and different Asian as well as African countries, have imposed restriction on using cell phones during driving.
The number of people who die annually from infections acquired in a hospital is equal to that of those who die of all formsof accident — cars, planes, boats, falls, etc.) For males, motor vehiclecrashes & homicide are the leading causes of work-related deaths.
The main advantage to avoid using cell phone during driving is ensuring safety of driver, vehicle, and other people driving on the road. By making conversation, writing messages, or just playing with the mobile increases the chances of accidents. It is pertinent to highlight that hands-free phones have also similar negative impacts during driving; both distracts attention, although hands-free cell phones do not require manual handling. (Sturnguist, 2006)
Several researchers have proved that using cell phones during driving makes driver more exposed to fatal accidents. Focus of the driver is not on the road or traffic and it becomes difficult to handle phone and vehicle at one time. Cell phones during driving also reduce the mental capacity of drivers as they fail to concentrate on minor or major activities happening around them. As already discussed, cell phones distract drivers' attention resulting in comparatively slow response to traffic signals and other related traffic events. Studies have shown the fact that breaking reaction time is also slower while talking on a cell phone during driving. The perception, vision, general awareness, and concentration of the driver are impacted while communicating on a cell phone during driving. Especially during bad weather or driving on slippery roads, drivers engage in conversation pay less attention to these areas increasing risks of fatal accidents. (Gravelle, 2005)
There are many things that could happen while drivers take their eyes of the road, car crashes, sudden death, and if you don’t have insurance it could cost you a fortune to pay for the car accident.
(For more on the subject of sleep and sleepiness, see my essay .) For non-motor vehicle accidents in the United States between 1975-1995 33%, ethanol intoxication accounted for 32% of fatal falls, 42% of fatal fires/burns, 34% of fatal drownings and 29% of fatal poisonings.
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This is one way of getting young motorists off the roads.If we do not want accidents to happen, then it is time we changed our driving and riding attitudes.
Stricter enforcement of traffic rules by the authorities will reduce the number of accidents.Only roadworthy vehicles should be allowed on the roads.
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Long-distance public transportation drivers can also cause accidents if they drive for long periods and are tired.Summonses and penalties are ineffective in curbing road accidents.
Although, there are grave negative impacts of using cell phones during driving it is pertinent, for the sake of arguments, to present benefits also. The most important benefit of cell phones during driving is again the security factor. During emergency situations cell phones can provide help and driver can make emergency calls, even reporting any dangerous scenario such as roadside accidents. Through cell phones a driver can locate the desired route. Furthermore, using FMs on cell phones can provide information about weather and traffic. (Sturnguist, 2006)
It is for this reason that our school has decided to launch a 'Road Safety Week' campaign with the aim of raising awareness among the students on the need to be more responsible and cautions while on the road.Why do road accidents occur ?
Benefits of cell phone use during roadside emergencies, car trouble, obtain personal information, or even navigation; however, it may lead to running red lights, drifting across lanes, or worse, causing accidents.
In conjunction with 'Road Safety Week,' I wish to give a talk on why road accidents occur and the ways to reduce them.News about road accidents and road accident fatalities always appear in printed and electronic media.