secondary, increase workout lessons and it’s role in reducing obesity risk factors among elderly people not only students, because having body mass index more than 25 could be harmful to that age group as same as children .A good way to achieve this goal is to educate people over 65 of age during regularly family physician visits .
To conclusion ,there are plenty solutions such as more education between society subgroups,but it’s not lonely enough to deal with the issue
Research has shown that the degree of closeness between a grandparent and a grandchild is affected by several dimensions: affection (emotional closeness); association (frequency of contact); consensus (levels of agreement in the family); normative quality (importance placed on familial obligations); structure (geographic proximity); and function (helping behavior).
Research also shows that grandchildren don't respond to the role of grandparent but instead to each individual person fulfilling the role. In other words, grandchildren don't get attached to grandparents in general, but to specific grandparents.
According to an AARP survey, the top five activities grandparents say they do with their grandchildren are: eating together (either in or out); watching TV or playing on the computer; staying overnight; shopping for clothes; engaging in exercise/sports.
Grandchildren view their relationship with their grandparents as important to their lives, with enjoyment, emotional ties, and obligation affecting how they define the significance of the relationship. Young children see their relationship with their grandparents in terms of what a grandparent does for them, whereas adolescents find in the grandparent someone willing to listen to them and maintain their trust. Young adults, with somewhat more perspective and life experience, begin to better convey a grandparent's influence in their lives, particularly with regard to value-laden topics like politics and religion.
Grandparents directly influence their grandchildren through things like transmitting family values, teaching specific skills, or even surrogate parenting. Indirect influence occurs through grandparent-parent or parent-grandchild interactions. For example, a grandparent's parenting of the middle generation may impact the middle generation's later parenting of the third generation. Grandparent interactions with the middle generation may influence grandchildren by providing role models for intergenerational relationships. Grandparents can also indirectly influence grandchildren by assisting in relationships between grandchildren and their parents (e.g. when teenage parents lack parenting skills).
Divorce is both an ending and a beginning. New relationships bring new members into families. Between 20% and 25% of grandparents will be stepgrandparents either through their own or through their adult children's divorces and remarriages. Many children have 6 to 8 adults in the "grandparent" role in their lives.
The nature of a child's relationship with a stepgrandparent depends on the child's age (the younger a child, the easier it is to build a relationship), any existing relationships the child has with other grandparents, the stepgrandparent's relationship with the parent/stepparent, and a stepgrandparent's feelings about and desire to build a bond.
As with biological grandchildren, relationships with stepgrandchildren vary. If a stepgrandparent takes the time to build a bond with a stepgrandchild, it can become a significant relationship in that child's life. Children will always respond to an adult who takes a genuine interest in them and gives them time and attention.
One of the most important functions of today's grandparents is that they are living, breathing models of growing older in all its diversity. The increasingly multigenerational family shapes children's view of aging in general, and their own aging in particular.
Today's healthier, more active grandparents have an opportunity to completely change the way we perceive aging. 80-year-olds are comparable in well-being and vigor to 60-year-olds in the last generation; 60-year-olds are like 40-year-olds, and so on. People used to think if you were in your 60s you were in a rocker basically waiting to die. Now if someone passes away before their 80s, people say it's a shame because "they were still young."
At the same time, because of gains in longevity, many grandchildren will be exposed to both grandparents' and great-grandparents' frailty and eventual deaths. Researchers divide older adulthood into three general groups: "young-old" (65-74), "old-old" (75-84), and the "oldest-old" (85+). In 1960, a 65-year-old had a 1 in 7 chance of living to be 90; a 65-year-old today has a 1 in 4 chance.
The way in which parents respond to aging grandparents also teaches children something: it sets expectations for how children will care for their parents when they are older.
At their best, relationships across generations are defined in the often-used symbol of holding hands. A grandmother may hold her little granddaughter's hand as they cross the street. Thirty years later, it is the adult granddaughter taking her frail grandmother's hand. But they are still holding hands. It is a relationship that has withstood the tests of age and time.
It is concluded from the arguments and presentations made in the paper that automobiles have become an integral part of society. Automobiles have influenced every segment of society effecting and shaping the today’s world. The evolving ‘automobile society’ of twentieth-century world resulted in liberty and freedom, not only on a single type of transportation, but also on petroleum, evolution of new suburban and urban forms, huge commercial development and engulfing pollution. The dependence and auto usage have significantly increased, especially in women and older people. The automobiles have influenced the public life to a huge extent, extending the overall boundaries of cities on a pace and scale which is not experienced before. Although, transportation of different types continuously play a main role in extending the borders of urban areas, the automobile has successfully extended them to a large extent. People, not only in cities, but in suburbs have become absolutely dependent, particularly on car for shopping, work, recreation and obtaining services.
Families & friends play a big role in the lives of aging Mexican elderly, “a social network is the collection of interpersonal and communal bonds that people have throughout their lives to establish social relations that satisfy certain needs, and maintain their wellbeing” (Vladislavovna, 2010, 1) this is going to serve even more importance as the aging population is living longer and the number of older individuals is increasing....
In the future, robots will take on a bigger role in society. They will take jobs that involve physical work which includes housework. This seems like another big step toward laziness but it can also be very beneficial. It means you don’t have to mow the lawn or open the door for guests or get up to answer the home phone. Why do that when you have a robot? I feel robots could be a huge plus for elderly people. It can make life so much easier if you had someone who could do the simple tasks that don’t require lots of work. Robots at some point will fight in wars. It only makes sense to do that, I mean why risk the lives of humans? I just hope as all do that it won’t lead to our own destruction.
To better understand grandparenting today, it's helpful to take a quick look back in history.
During the 18th and early 19th centuries, grandparents, particularly grandfathers, exerted considerable economic and social influence based on land ownership. Elder male landholders generally retained their land and authority over their families until they died.
With industrialization in the 19th century, the standing of elder landholders was undermined. The power and authority once granted for experience and wisdom decreased. New technology often made the talents of the old appear obsolete. And the new economy offered an attractive alternative to young adults who, in the past, would have dutifully worked in the family enterprise.
Increases in life expectancy increased the longevity of older family members, but they were likely to be chronically ill and require care. So, the proportion of trigenerational households increased significantly. While people honored the ideal of mutual support in families, unclear lines of authority often led to conflict and dissension. As Samuel Butler wrote in 1885:
By the year 2030, 1 in every 5 Americans will be over 65 years of age. Elders can play a vital role in the course of the family and our society. We are at a pivotal moment in history. In many ways, grandparenting is at a crossroads – and we can all play a role in choosing the path it takes. We can choose to redefine it, recognize it, validate it, support it, and celebrate it in a way that empowers all generations.
The title "parent" is an honorable one. People are proud when they become "parents." Many people describe the birth of their first child as one of the most momentous events of their life. But the title "grandparent" seems to be a bit more loaded. Perhaps it's because "grandparent" is often perceived to be synonymous with "old," which is considered a "bad" or undesirable thing in our youth-obsessed culture. Grandparenting is certainly about generations, but not necessarily about old age – especially today as active, educated, healthy baby boomers head into their grandparenting years. Perhaps the title "grandparent" is also more complicated because it isn't something we have direct control over. Someone else chooses when we become a grandparent. With the birth of their first grandchild, many grandparents experience a mixture of emotions – pleasure, tension, anxiety, gratitude, resentment – as well as positive and negative expectations of themselves and their adult children.
Fundamentally though, grandparenting is, well, just that – grand. The definition of "grand" is: magnificent; splendid; noble; wonderful or very pleasing; of great importance and distinction. Why wouldn't someone want that title? Grandparenthood can be a "second chance." People often feel they weren't able to spend as much time with their children when they were young as they would have liked, or they made some mistakes they've learned from. Grandchildren are a fresh start. Grandparenting can offer many of the joys and benefits of parenting, without many of the hassles, constraints, and day-to-day responsibilities. The grandparent/grandchild relationship is also a very important one – second in emotional importance only to the parent/child relationship.
Today's grandparents range in age from 30 to 110 years old, and grandchildren range from newborns to retirees. The dramatic increases in long, healthy lives, coupled with the fact that an increasing number of teens are bearing children, have produced a society in which three quarters of us can expect to become a grandparent and to remain in that role for many years, eventually becoming great-grandparents too. Research shows the grandparent role tends to be more important for the working class, for the less educated, for those who are older, for those who are unemployed or retired, for widows, and for those who are not involved in community affairs. There are no clearly-defined societal rules or expectations for being a grandparent. Relationships between grandparents and grandchildren are in many ways optional and individually specified.
Looking primarily at grandmothers for a moment, here are just some of the faces she may have today:
Robots can and probably will be a a part of the normal human life. Robots will be a common house hold object such as TVs and computer’s. I myself do not interact or have ever seen a robot with that sort of intelligence. I am used to computers and the rest of todays common household electronics. I have yet to come across or heard about such robots being real or possible.
If robots do infect become a common house hold object i will be very worried. I do think that the idea is cool but i believe it is not beneficial to the human race. People in todays world are already becoming lazy and dependent upon electronics. If robots do our jobs, cleaning, and cooking for us what is left for us to do. Robots are robots not humans, they wont feel or be taught the way we are and do.
In my opinion robots are just the easy way out. Robots should not be aloud to take over the human jobs in society and defiantly not be included in war unless the other side is robots to. This would only amount in a mass of killings. However if they were made to care for the elderly it might be okay. But if anything goes wrong they should be removed from human life entirely.
Family experts argued that grandparents in the home limited the happiness and prosperity of young and old alike. Although they never directly attacked the idea of family obligation, they counseled that such duties were best fulfilled through separate households. There was an emerging view of the old as burdensome and nonproductive. Aging was viewed in medical terms as a disease. Bottom line: older people tended not to be valued as workers or within the family circle.
The economic collapse of the Great Depression meant more families found themselves "doubling up" to cut expenses. The Social Security legislation that emerged from this era, as well as more widely available private pensions, produced a third phase of grandparenting. It evolved from the widespread desire for financial and residential independence for older adults.
In 1900, over 60% of older adults lived with children; by 1962, that dropped to 25%; and by 1975 it dropped to only 14%. Older adults started viewing autonomy and leisure as the goals of their "golden years." They had no important economic role in family life, but neither did they pose a threat. Their independence meant they could become companions and friends to their grandchildren. Experts counseled grandparents to strive for love and friendship with their grandchildren rather than demand respect and obedience. So, rather than disciplining, grandparents cuddled; rather than speaking authoritatively, they listened affectionately.
Because the role of grandparents was not clearly defined, it came to be viewed almost as a "frill," a role not essential to the functioning of the family or the growth and development of children. Grandparents themselves feared "meddling" in their children's and grandchildren's lives. So, while the relationship, when it existed, could be very positive, its limited and tenuous nature overall brought us to where we find ourselves today.
There are no rules about how to perform as a competent grandparent. The role of grandparent today doesn't involve clear, generally accepted expectations. The relationship between grandparent and grandchild is negotiated very much on a family-by-family, individual-by-individual basis. Gender, culture, proximity, divorce, age and health of a grandparent, and the grandparent's relationships with the grandchild's parents can all profoundly influence the grandparent/grandchild relationship. This latter factor is particularly important.
Parents are a bridge between grandparents and grandchildren. They act as gatekeepers and in many ways set the tone for the relationship. Greater closeness and contact between parents and grandparents equals more closeness and contact between grandchildren and grandparents. In some cases, parents deny grandparents access to grandchildren. Grandparent rights have received increasing attention. Although no state grants an automatic right to visitation, the majority of states have enacted laws which promote grandparent visitation when it's found to be in a child's best interest.
Another important factor in the quality of the grandparent/grandchild relationship is the acceptance of the grandparent role by the grandparent. Increasingly, older adults have second careers, travel widely, and are actively engaged in sports or other activities. These are not the traditional stereotypes we have of grandparents. As well, Boomers are changing grandparenting in particular, and the concept of aging in general. They grew up in a distinct social, economic, and political climate. They are not a quiet and acquiescent generation; they are accustomed to raising their voices in social protest and prompting social change.
Because today's grandparents live longer, grandparenthood is likely to intersect with multiple life transitions, and both grandparents' and grandchildren's involvement in other roles will vary considerably over time, making the grandparent experience more complex. First, the initial transition to grandparenthood may be marked by considerable role overlap and perhaps role conflict. At the onset of grandparenthood, grandparents are typically married and employed. Thus, both retirement and widowhood typically occur after the transition to grandparenthood. Also, there may be conflicting demands for the care of older parents versus grandchildren.
With families under increasing stress, one of the directions in which grandparenting may well head is greater involvement in the lives of grandchildren. It's the grandparent who often provides the supplementary childcare that enables both parents or a single parent to work. It's the grandparent who can help out when a last-minute emergency means a parent needs to be away from home. It's the grandparent who finds the extra money to buy that special birthday gift for a child. And, when there is a need for someone to step in as a substitute parent, it's most often the grandparent who holds the family itself together. In this way, grandparents are increasingly playing an important and often unrecognized role in the functioning of the modern family.
As has been discussed, being a grandparent is in many ways voluntary. And grandparenting doesn't necessarily come naturally, certainly no more naturally than being a parent and doing a good job at it. You can't take the relationship for granted and expect that it will "just happen."
The lives of grandparents and their grandchildren can be linked in a number of ways: through roles; through interactions; through sentiments; through exchanges of support.
There are three general styles of grandparenting: involved, companionate, and remote. Some research shows the companionate style is most common among American grandparents, followed by the remote, and then the involved. Not surprisingly, younger grandparents tend to be more informal in their style, while older grandparents are more formal.