Both inside and outside of the classroom, Scout continually gains experience through education from both her brother, Jem, or by her wise and tolerant father, Atticus Finch....
In Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird, Tom Robinson, a poor black worker accused of raping a white girl is represented by Atticus Finch, a well-to-do white lawyer during the Great Depression.
This is characteristic of Atticus Finch who, despite being severely criticized for defending Tom Robinson, tells his children to ignore what people have to say.
Understand what? That her father and the Sheriff have decided to obstruct justice in the name of saving their beloved neighbor the burden of angel-food cake? Atticus Finch is faced with jurors who have one set of standards for white people like the Ewells and another set for black folk like Tom Robinson. His response is to adopt one set of standards for respectable whites like Boo Radley and another for white trash like Bob Ewell. A book that we thought instructed us about the world tells us, instead, about the limitations of Jim Crow liberalism in Maycomb, Alabama. ♦
As they get older, their views of racial discrimination change and evolve to match their father's.
To Kill a Mockingbird Symbolism
"Jem, I ain't ever heard of a nigger snowman." Scout; pg.
On what side was Harper Lee’s Atticus Finch? Finch defended Tom Robinson, the black man falsely accused of what in nineteen-thirties Alabama was the gravest of sins, the rape of a white woman. In the years since, he has become a role model for the legal profession. But he’s much closer to Folsom’s side of the race question than he is to the civil-rights activists who were arriving in the South as Lee wrote her novel.