Over the centuries, there have been many attempts by religious philosophers to prove the existence of God, and a canon of classic arguments has been developed. Not all of these arguments have their origins in Christian philosophy; Jewish and Muslim philosophers have made significant contributions to the philosophy of religion, and both Plato and Aristotle have influenced its development.
Did I mention that my personal heartfelt definition of the word “elephant” includes mystery, order, goodness, love and a spare tire?So, anyone with a love for truth outside of herself has to start with no belief in God and then look for evidence of God.
The second purported proof of the existence of God is the , also called “the cosmological argument”. The first cause argument seeks to prove the existence of God from the fact that the universe exists. The universe came into existence at a point in the distant past. Nothing can come into existence, though, unless there is something to bring it into existence; nothing comes from nothing. There must therefore be some being outside of the universe that caused the universe to exist. This argument, if it is successful, demonstrates the existence of a Creator that transcends time, that has neither beginning nor end.
In these passages Nietzsche is showing the inevitableunfolding anthropocentrism (lit. putting man at the centre of theworld) implicit in philosophy since Kant. If we view ourexistence through human categories, then our concept of God isitself a human creation.
Kierkegaard and Nietzsche represent opposite reactions to theinability of rationality to give a rock solid theoretical proofof God's existence. Kierkegaard calls for us to embrace God evenif it seems an absurdity, while Nietzsche says it is time for usto create a new mode of being, with human creativity at itscentre.
The atheist existentialist Sartre accepted God's death andmuch of his writing is attempt to look at the human condition ina world that is without a prime mover who could have provided abasis and structure for the understanding of being.
The first purported proof of the existence of God is the . The ontological argument seeks to prove the existence of God from the laws of logic alone. It dates back to St Anselm, an eleventh century philosopher-theologian and archbishop of Canterbury, but was also used by the French philosopher René Descartes. It argues that once we mentally grasp the concept of God we can see that God’s non-existence is impossible. This argument, if it is successful, demonstrates the existence of a perfect being that could not possibly fail to exist.
"Have you not heard the madman who lit a lantern in thebright morning hours, ran to the market place and criedincessantly, 'I seek God!, I seek God!' ... Why, did he get lost?Said one. Did he lose his way like a child? Said another. Or ishe hiding? Is he afraid of us? Has he gone on a voyage? Oremigrated?... The madman jumped into their midst and pierced themwith his glances.
The vast majority of these possible universes would not have allowed for the existence of life, so we are very fortunate indeed to have a universe that does. On an atheistic world-view, there is no way to explain this good fortune; the atheist must put this down to chance. On the view that God exists, though, we can explain why the universe is the way that it is; it is because God created the universe with beings like us in mind. This argument, if it is successful, strongly suggests the existence of a Creator that takes an interest in humanity.
Brahman is the very space and the entire universe, with billions of galaxies and interstellar spaces and much more than that. The idea of Brahman probably entered the consciousness of ancient Hindu seers as they contemplated upon the vast expansive sky and the star studded mysterious night skies. The Upanishads present a grand view of this Absolute and highest god of Hinduism. Read the greatness and significance of Brahman from this article.
Each of the arguments, if successful, then, so supports a specific religion to the extent that its conception of God matches that supported by the argument.
Together, then, these arguments claim to prove the existence of a perfect, necessary, transcendent being that created the universe, has authority over it, and takes an interest in humanity. This, if it could be accomplished, would be more than enough to show that the Christian conception of God, and those conceptions of God related to it, are close to the truth.
There is a misconception among many that Hindus worship many gods and nothing else. To those not familiar with Hinduism, this practice of Hindus appear absurd and primitive. The way Hindus worship gods is different from the way the ancient Hittites or the Mediterranean people worshipped their gods. Know from this article why Hindus worship so many gods and goddesses, but how at the same time firmly believe in the unquestionable fact that God is but one indivisible Supreme Truth.