Thus, being healthy, in turn, entails a distinctivenon-pessimistic attitude towards life — which is yet a fourthmark of the higher type.Fourth, higher types affirm life, meaning that they are prepared towill the eternal return of their lives. In Beyond Goodand Evil, Nietzsche describes “the opposite ideal” tothat of moralists and pessimists like Schopenhauer as “the idealof the most high-spirited, alive, and world-affirming human being whohas not only come to terms and learned to get along with whatever wasand is, but who wants to have what was and is repeated intoall eternity” (BGE 56).
Clarkpoints out that the only argument for this doctrineof the will to power in Nietzsche's published works — in Section36 of Beyond Good and Evil — is cast in the conditionalform: if we accept certain initial hypotheses, then, Nietzsche thinks,the strong doctrine of the will to power follows.
Nietzsche's Writings and Key to CitationsFor untranslated material and emendations to existing translations,I have relied on Friedrich Nietzsche, Sämtliche Werke:Kritische Studienausgabe in 15 Bänden, ed.
Nietzsche's book prior to this one was , and we are to note here that this is not to say beyond goodand bad (that is, not: beyond the noble and the ignoble), but ratherbeyond the resentful opposition of the weak (who call themselves"good") to the strong (which the weak call "evil").