Moreover, most people seem to think they "reason" well enough and that any argument that shows otherwise is merely someone else's opinion, and does not need to be considered any further than it takes to ignore, dismiss, or reject it. So although these are areas where people could benefit from philosophy, they usually do not, and do not care to. In that sense philosophy is just of potential benefit. But it is not unlike other, practical, areas of potential benefit that are ignored. When the inventor of the Xerox (photocopy) machine was looking for financial backing, almost all the large business concerns of the day turned him down. The primary reason given was that there was no need for copy machines; we already had carbon paper to make copies of documents. Not only have prominent inventions and scientific ideas been rejected, but so have business ideas and management plans. Many a successful enterprise has resulted from employees going into competition with their former bosses who would not listen to, or could not understand or appreciate, their ideas for innovation.
Dec 7, 2006 Selects the most influential writings of a leading philosopher of religion; Includes an extensive introduction; Provides a complete bibliography.
In short, the world viewed religion, philosophy, and science in a very different way by the end of the seventeenth century because of these great philosophers.
However, it must be pointed out that there are people trained in philosophy who do not think very well, at least not on all, if any, topics. And there are people who have never had any sort of philosophy or logic course who are quite astute in their thinking in general. The study of philosophy is something like the intellectual equivalent of training in sports. Those with natural talent and no training will often be better than those with training but little natural talent, but proper training should develop and enhance whatever talent most people have to begin with.
Philosophy and religion essay titles Extended Essay. Excellent Extended Essays. Ick on any link below to view an example of an outstanding extended essay.
Submissions are invited for the Religious Studies Postgraduate Essay Prize, which is sponsored jointly by Cambridge University Press and the British Society for the Philosophy of Religion. The winning entry will be published in Religious Studies, and the winner awarded £300.
The Prize is an international prize, and open to all those who are registered for a postgraduate degree at the time of submission. The topic of the essay should be in the philosophy of religion and must be no longer than 8,000 words in length. The judges reserve the right not to award the Prize if no submission of sufficient merit is received. All entries will be considered for publication in Religious Studies.
Essays should be submitted via the journal’s electronic system. A special submission area will be established for entries to the Essay Prize. The author’s name and contact details should not be included on the paper, but submitted separately.
The closing date for entries is 31 December 2017.
A brief introduction to some of the issues discussed in the Philosophy of Religion and Philosophy of religion is the interface between philosophy on the one hand and William Alston has written some helpful essays on this, collected in his .
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I say "what seem to be" intangible issues, because some topics which start out as apparently intangible turn out to have tangible and practical features and consequences. Physics initially was called "natural philosophy" meaning philosophy of nature or of the phenomena of the natural world, and seemed to be primarily a theoretical enterprise. Social and ethical philosophy can have profound consequences that make a significant difference in the quality of life for an individual or for a community. There are many specific subjects which start out seeming to have no objective or tangible answers, but which, upon reflection, do. In some cases, such as physics and parts of social science, what starts out as philosophy, once it is seen to have tangible, practical, and empirical aspects and consequences, becomes science and is no longer considered part of philosophy. Newton's Laws are based on certain philosophical insights and perspective different from how issues of motion and force were previously thought of. Einstein's work on relativity stemmed in large part from his philosophical analysis and understanding of what it means to tell that two events occur "simultaneously". That analysis is spelled out in great detail in his first paper on relativity, and is crucial to the understanding of the theory. ()
Unfortunately in many cases, politicians, bureaucrats, news commentators. ideologues, and the "man on the street" or a majority of people polled", are considered to be experts in areas of social/governmental philosophy, though they usually are not; and ministers or church leaders are often thought to be theologians (or philosophers of religion), which they are not. So a natural hunger for philosophical wisdom is only partially addressed, and not always in the most satisfying, nutritious, or practically useful and advantageous manner. Shallowness in these area is often sufficient as long as it sounds good or seems deep to those who think less or who do not think much for themselves at all. Still the issues are philosophical ones, and they are often recognized as such, even if most do not realize that there are better answers and better ways of thinking about them than they are aware.
But there are pervasive philosophical areas of life that nearly everyone recognizes as important, though perhaps not recognizing them as primarily philosophical in nature, and perhaps not recognizing that they require deeper and more sustained thought than is typically given to them, even by supposed experts. These areas include ethics (moral philosophy -- including value and "meaning of life" issues), logic or reasoning, religion or spirituality, aesthetics and related quality of life issues, and political/governmental/social philosophy, particularly for all those who have a part in government and who are affected by it, including those able to vote in a democratic or representative democracy. While everyone has "opinions" or beliefs about many of these intangible things, there are better and worse opinions, beliefs that are more reasonable or less reasonable than others. Not all opinions or beliefs are equal in quality or in value. One opinion is not necessarily as good or as reasonable as another; is not likely to withstand scrutiny or to be compatible with all the evidence available.
I have not yet seen any textbooks of the sort in 3, that were particularly interesting or enlightening or, in some cases, even very good philosophical reasoning.