The truth of his statement can be observed in many instants in the long human history, and not least of all in the two Russian Revolutions of early twentieth century.
The roots of the Russian Revolution are in the arbitrary, autocratic, and repressive czarist political and social system that evolved in the 16th 18th centuries, in the course of Russia's massive territorial expansion and rise into the ranks of the great European powers....
Originally published in 1935, this work remains an extremely valuable source. The author, who covered Russia for the Christian Science Monitor from 1922 to 1933, was a skilled writer, objective observer, and careful researcher. Many specialists believe it has still not been surpassed as an overall history of the period. Volume 1, 1917–1918: From the Overthrow of the Czar to the Assumption of Power by the Bolsheviks. Volume 2, 1918–1921: From the Civil War to the Consolidation of Power.
The first three volumes of a series that, first under Carr and then R. W. Davies, eventually totaled fourteen volumes and thousands of pages upon reaching its terminus in 1929. Some scholars argue these volumes constitute a classic work; others, largely because Carr writes as if the Bolshevik regime was the inevitable outcome of the revolution that ended the tsarist regime, dismiss them as an apologia for Bolshevism and therefore largely useless.
A panoramic narrative that draws on recently opened archives and numerous anecdotes with great effect. Figes argues, on the one hand, that Russia’s long history of serfdom and its autocratic traditions doomed the 1917 effort to establish a democratic regime and, on the other, that it was the Bolshevism and Lenin’s policies after the seizure of power that put in place the basic elements of the Stalinist regime.
"Animal Farm" basically is an animal story written for adults , but the most important thing is that the novel is an allegory about the Russian Revolution of 1917, when the Russian Empire was replaced by a strate on communist principle, called Soviet Union.
In my point of view, I found the themes such as betrayal of the Russian Revolution and the way that goodwill can fall prey to ambition, selfishness and hypocrisy, power, leadership, corruption and control over the intellectually inferior.
Citizens took control into their own hands, Ludovic Naudeau wrote in October 1917, “One morning recently I was awakened by the cries of my neighbor in the next room....
African Americans were indeed forced to fight, quite literally, for their survival following the war. James Weldon Johnson characterized the bloody summer of 1919 as the Red Summer. Fears of labor unrest, "bolshevism" stemming from the Russian Revolution of 1917, and the return of black soldiers spawned a nationwide surge in violence, much of it directed at African Americans. Race riots erupted in several cities, the most significant occurring in Washington, D.C., and Chicago. In October 1919, whites in Elaine, Arkansas, massacred hundreds of black people in response to the efforts of sharecroppers to organize themselves. In the South, the number of reported lynchings swelled from sixty-four in 1918 to eighty-three in 1919. At least eleven of these victims were returned soldiers. For African Americans, the end of the war brought anything but peace.
This demonstrates that since the stress of waging war was tremendous, it should be no surprise that the first war could be a primary cause of the Russian Revolution....
From afar, Animal Farm is a fictitious novel with no real substance, but when carefully read, it is a chilling allegory of the horrors of the Russian Revolution.
Through the analysis of artworks by Aleksandr Rodchenko and El Lissitzky this essay attempts to explore the freedom experienced by artists after the Russian Revolution in 1917.
Dr Jonathan Smele, a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, is senior lecturer in Modern European History at Queen Mary, University of London and Editor of the journal Revolutionary Russia (Frank Cass). His major publications include Civil War in Siberia: The Anti-Bolshevik Government of Admiral Kolchak, 1918 - 1920 (Cambridge University Press, 1997) and The Russian Revolution and Civil War, 1917 - 1921: An Annotated Bibliography (Continuum, 2003).
The Tsar's intransigent policies, including the occasional dissolution of the Duma, or Russian parliament, the chief fruit of the 1905 revolution, had spread dissatisfaction even to moderate elements....