Abandoned piles of household garbage, bags of yard waste, appliances, old barrels, used tires, and demolition debris such as lumber, shingles, pipes and asbestos can threaten the health of humans, wildlife, and the environment. Known as open dumps, these sites can be found throughout Illinois -- heaped at the bottom of ravines, in empty lots and pastures, and along roadsides. An open dump is an illegal waste disposal site and should not be confused with a permitted municipal solid waste landfill or a recycling facility. If allowed to remain, open dumps often grow larger, and may attract dumping of both solid and hazardous wastes.
Meanwhile, people continue to flock to South Florida. Miami’s metropolitan area, which includes Fort Lauderdale, has been one of the fastest growing in the country; from 2013 to 2014, in absolute terms it added more residents than San Francisco and, proportionally speaking, it outdid Los Angeles and New York. Currently, in downtown Miami there are more than twenty-five thousand new condominium units either proposed or under construction. Much of the boom is being financed by “flight capital” from countries like Argentina and Venezuela; something like half of recent home sales in Miami were paid for in cash.
In the 1960s José Peixoto, a famous climatologist, proposed that engineers in the Middle East take control of the hydrological cycle, and build a perpetual rainmaker. Figure 7 shows his scheme. A tube of some light material, like Kevlar, is erected straight up to a height of 3000m or so. Moist air is always plentiful in a thin layer near coasts in the Middle East. If we initially force some of this air up the chimney somehow, it will cool as it rises, and rain out its moisture. Soon we have warm, moist air flowing in at the bottom; cool, dry air flowing out the top; and a perpetual shower of fresh water to gather on the ground.