For example, expository paragraphs have three important elements common to most paragraphs: flow, or unity (a clear connection to the rest of the essay and placed in a sensible way among the other paragraphs; development (detailed, specific support or elaboration of the main idea); and coherence (each sentence clearly relates to the previous and next sentence in an understandable and sensible manner). Persuasive paragraphs focus on developing a strong argument that would convince someone who disagrees with the writer's position.
Narrative paragraphs have similar features of flow (or unity) and coherence. However, the development might be more related to the action or events narrated in the paragraph than to supporting an argument. Coherence in a narrative paragraph usually comes from the chronological order of the "story" or narrative. Similarly, a descriptive paragraph might find its development through giving a series of sensory details or of abstract ideas that describe an object (or concept or theory), rather than through support. These two types of paragraph - narrative and descriptive - differ only slightly in these respects from expository paragraphs, but the differences are still important.
The introductory paragraph can also provide background information that is necessary for the reader to appreciate the writer’s position. This information can be scientific, historical, cultural, or even personal. Use this kind of introduction when you know there are things that the reader needs to know about your topic (but doesn’t’) in order to “get” your thesis statement.
Constructing a working thesis should come after brainstorming or deriving a topic. It should be a thesis that can help guide you as a writer through the composition of the essay. A simple way to begin the construction of a working thesis is to write "I believe that ... " and follow it up with a simple claim that includes the key topics to be discussed in the essay. An example would be:
The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader's attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence. The thesis statement (sentence 3) presents topic of the paper to the reader and provides a mini- outline. The topic is Poe's use of visual imagery. The mini- outline tells the reader that this paper will present Poe's use of imagery in three places in his writing: (1) description of static setting; (2) description of dynamic setting; and (3) description of a person. The last sentence of the paragraph uses the words "manipulation" and "senses" as transitional hooks.
structure" of paragraphs: Point (make your point/offer the proof of that paragraph), Evidence (give supporting quotes/examples from a book or article), and Explain (relate the evidence to your thesis and elaborate on how it proves your point).
This presentation is suitable for the beginning of a composition course or the assignment of a writing project in any class. These OWL resources will help you develop and refine the arguments in your writing. This resource covers using logic within writing—logical vocabulary, logical fallacies, and other types of logos-based reasoning. The purpose of this handout is to give some basic instruction and advice regarding the creation of understandable and coherent paragraphs. The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes.
Your introduction may actually be the last part of your essay that you finish even though it is first on the page. Don’t spend a lot of time on the introductory paragraph when you first start writing your essay. Your introductory paragraph is specifically crafted to introduce the rest of your essay. Because of that, it is hard to write an effective introductory paragraph until you finish the rest of the essay.
Remember, your introductory paragraph is device that you made to draw the reader in to your essay, and to get them to understand your thesis statement.
These patterns can give a "lift" to your writing. Practicethem. Try using two or three different patternsfor your introductory paragraph and see which introductoryparagraph is best; it's often a delicate matter of tone and of knowing who your audience is. Do not forget, though, that your introductoryparagraph should also include a thesis statement to let your readerknow what your topic is and what you are going to say about thattopic.
Most writing has an introductory paragraph or an introduction of a few paragraphs, and a conclusion of a few paragraphs or concluding paragraph. The introduction and conclusion are, of course, supported by body paragraphs. The typical body paragraph develops, supports, or elaborates a given topic sentence. Most paragraph structures longer than 1-2 sentences have common elements.
Finally, the introductory paragraph presents the writer’s thesis statement. Remember the thesis statement is the main idea of the entire essay and works the way a topic sentence works in a paragraph. Often another sentence or two are needed to bridge the gap between your background information or story that you used to introduce your topic. I call these “bridge sentences.”
A good thesis statement combines several ideas into just one or two sentences. It also includes the topic of the essay and makes clear what the author's position is in regard to the topic. Typically found at the beginning of a paper, the thesis statement is often placed in the introduction, toward the end of the first paragraph or so.